Tag Archives: Nucleic Acids

What is a Macromolecule?

Macromolecule

A very large molecule, as a colloidal particle, protein, or especially a polymer, composed of hundreds or thousands of atoms. The most common macromolecules in biochemistry are biopolymers (nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates and large non-polymeric molecules (such as lipids and macrocycles). Synthetic macromolecules include common plastics and synthetic fibers as well as experimental materials such as carbon nanotubes.

Carbohydrates

Polymeric Molecules

Biopolymers

Nucleic Acids

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What is a Biomolecule?

Biomolecule

A biomolecule or biological molecule is any molecule that is present in living organisms, including large macromolecules such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids, as well as small molecules such as primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, and natural products. A more general name for this class of material is biological materials. Biomolecules are usually endogenous but may also be exogenous. For example, pharmaceutical drugs may be natural products or semisynthetic (biopharmaceuticals) or they may be totally synthetic.

Nucleic Acids

Metabolites

Endogenous

Semisynthetic

Synthetic

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